Religion In Southeast Asia An Encyclopedia Of Faiths And Cultures PdfBy Skye B. In and pdf 04.12.2020 at 10:43 8 min read
File Name: religion in southeast asia an encyclopedia of faiths and cultures .zip
Hinduism and Buddhism exerted an enormous influence on the civilizations of Southeast Asia and contributed greatly to the development of a written tradition in that area. About the beginning of the Common Era, Indian merchants may have settled there, bringing Brahmans and Buddhist monks with them.
Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 3 Southeast Asia
The story of South Asian religious life begins with the river Indus and its tributaries. The Indus was the center of the earliest complex urban culture of which we have evidence in the region, the Indus Valley or Harappan culture ca. Some scholars postulate continuities between elements of the culture, such as possible goddess or fertility worship, and later religious developments in South Asia, such as the growth of the cult of the goddess in Hinduism. The great Hindu god Shiva, who gained prominence later, may also relate to a figure present on Indus Valley seals. Similarities between the Indus Valley and later cultures are difficult to verify, because the script found in the Indus Valley is undeciphered and available evidence is entirely material.
This specialist course is designed to run in alternate years to the course Popular and Fusion Music of South East Asia. It is suitable for students new to this subject area and for non-Music students: it might, for example, be paired with other courses in South East Asian history and culture. Music and Religion in South East Asia examines classical, popular and folk musics of the region, focusing on how they interact with religion. Religion in this context includes very diverse local forms as well as major world religions. The diversity of these musical-religious relationships create areas of particular focus, which include mysticism and spiritual practices, reformist movements, community and life-cycle rituals, religiously oriented dramatic forms, spirit mediumship, shamanism and trance, and local interpretations and expressions of religions such as Islam, Christianity and Buddhism, as well as interaction with politics, nationalism, globalisation and tourism. At the end of the course, a student should be able to demonstrate an in depth knowledge of particular aspects of South East Asian musics, including the major classical music traditions of Indonesia and mainland South East Asia and of the impact and importance of religion on these forms. Religion here is considered in a general sense, covering such diverse beliefs and behaviours as trance-mediumship and spirit possession and the influence of major world religions such as Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity on the region.
SOAS University of London
But modern scholarship has demonstrated that prior to the development of the classical Southeast Asian states, which occurred from the tenth or eleventh century to the fifteenth century ce, Buddhism in Southeast Asia — the area covered by present-day Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia Kampuchea , and Laos — defies rigid classification. Both archaeological and chronicle evidence suggest that the religious situation in the area was fluid and informal, with Buddhism characterized more by miraculous relics and charismatic, magical monks than by organized sectarian traditions. Hence, by the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries the primary, although by no means exclusive, form of Buddhism in Burma, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia was a Sinhala orthodoxy that was dominated doctrinally by "the commentator" Buddhaghosa but enriched by various local traditions of thought and practice. By this time, what is now Malaysia and Indonesia, with the exception of Bali, had been overrun by Islam, and the popular religion there was an amalgamation of animism, Brahmanic deities, and the religion of the Prophet. The future of Buddhism in Southeast Asia may not hang in the balance; nevertheless, it does appear to be problematic. Political events in Cambodia Kampuchea and Laos have threatened the very foundations of institutional Buddhism in those countries. Our attention to Southeast Asian Buddhism should not ignore its fragility or its potential contribution to the continuing self-definition and self-determination of these civilizations.
Asia is the largest and most populous continent and the birthplace of many religions including Buddhism , Christianity , Confucianism , Hinduism , Islam , Jainism , Judaism , Shinto , Sikhism , Taoism , and Zoroastrianism. All major religious traditions are practiced in the region and new forms are constantly emerging. Asia is noted for its diversity of culture. Islam and Hinduism are the largest religions in Asia with approximately 1. Dharmic religions are the oldest religions of Asia.
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. The diverse religions of the peoples of Southeast Asia include indigenous traditions of supernaturally oriented beliefs and practices plus four of the largest world religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. The main changes that have taken place in religion in 20th-century Southeast Asia include several developments. The first notable change was increased conversion to one or another of the world religions, especially Christianity. The second was national efforts to eliminate or reduce religion in some countries and to shape or control it in others.
Religion in Asia
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Southeast Asia , vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar portions: a continental projection commonly called mainland Southeast Asia and a string of archipelagoes to the south and east of the mainland insular Southeast Asia. Extending some miles 1, km southward from the mainland into insular Southeast Asia is the Malay Peninsula ; this peninsula structurally is part of the mainland, but it also shares many ecological and cultural affinities with the surrounding islands and thus functions as a bridge between the two regions. Mainland Southeast Asia is divided into the countries of Cambodia , Laos , Myanmar Burma , Thailand , Vietnam , and the small city-state of Singapore at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula; Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, which occupy the eastern portion of the mainland, often are collectively called the Indochinese Peninsula.
Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma is considered to be the oldest religion in the world Fowler , p1. This religion originated in India. Similarly, India is also the birthplace of Buddhism. Apart from trade, religion was one of the means of inter-state communication and proximity in ancient times.
Узкая лестница спускалась к платформе, за которой тоже виднелись ступеньки, и все это было окутано красным туманом.