Kenya Demographic And Health Survey 2014 PdfBy Gabriel M. In and pdf 27.11.2020 at 02:52 8 min read
File Name: kenya demographic and health survey 2014 .zip
The affirmation follows SBS's recent announcement that its fully-owned subsidiary, Connells, is expected to acquire its estate agency competitor, Countrywide CW. If executed well, the transaction could help broaden SBS's revenue streams and improve the society's structural profitability, supported by cost synergies and the fee-generative and capital-light nature of the businesses.
- Demographics of Uganda
- Fitch Affirms Skipton Building Society at 'A-'; Outlook Negative
- Demographic and Health Survey 2014
- Demographic and Health Survey 2014
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Demographics of Uganda
Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a hospital in Muntinlupa, Philippines, between March and August among pregnant women. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select participants.
Data were collected using interviewer-administered questionnaires. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were employed to identify factors associated with the prevalence of IFAS among pregnant women. Results: Among pregnant women, a majority Among the respondents, The main sources of information about IFAS were health care providers There is a pressing need to improve health education on the benefits of IFAS among pregnant women to increase its prevalence.
Keywords: anemia, pregnancy, health education, health care providers, community health workers. The World Health Organization WHO estimates that worldwide, million women at reproductive age are anemic, and a vast majority of anemic pregnant women reside in Asia and Africa.
These factors include forgetfulness, travel, age, literacy, socioeconomic status, cost of iron and folic acid tablets, perceived side effects, supplement stock-outs, birth order, difficult accessing and poor utilization of antenatal health care services, and comprehensive knowledge of anemia as well as quality of counselling on IFAS during pregnancy.
The present research is one of the studies that seek to check the effectiveness of the current Philippines program with the strategy whereby women would receive free IFAS from the BHS during pregnancy.
However, no published data exist to assess the administration of such supplementation and its associated factors among pregnant women in the Philippines. The Muntinlupa City of the Philippines is located in the Luzon region and divided into nine districts, and the city has a public city hospital—the Muntinlupa City hospital.
The hospital provides health services at the lowest possible costs; therefore, in Muntinlupa, not only rich but also poor pregnant women use public hospitals. Although it is often difficult to approach poor pregnant women in studies, this study was able to approach pregnant women across all economic levels by conducting the study at the hospital. Thus, this study was conducted specifically to assess the prevalence of IFAS among pregnant women and its associated factors in Muntinlupa, Philippines.
In addition, pregnant women were receiving antenatal care during the data collection period based on a search of electronic records.
Muntinlupa City has nine districts, each with one or two government health centers, including an outpatient clinic. The Muntinlupa City hospital provides health services at the lowest possible costs. The required sample size for this study was determined using the single population proportion estimation formula and considering the following assumptions: the rate of taking IFAS among pregnant women was The calculated sample size required participants.
Thereafter, the lottery method was employed to identify the first pregnant woman for an interview and upon selection, every third pregnant woman thereafter was chosen to commence the interview. Consequently, all women were identified. The study population consists of pregnant women, aged 18—45 years, attending antenatal check-ups in the respective hospital and living in Muntinlupa City. Each participant provided written, informed consent.
Women who were seriously ill at the time of data collection were excluded. The interview was conducted just after receiving the antenatal care service. Data were collected using the interviewer-administered questionnaire. A structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire consisting of 26 closed-ended questions were developed, pretested, and used in this study.
Questions were categorized into: socio-demographic characteristics 6 , maternal knowledge on taking IFAS and knowledge on major signs and symptoms of anemia 19 , and current practices towards IFAS 1. Since all the questions had a kappa value of above 0. To ensure validity, the tool was shared and discussed with experts from the division of nutrition of the City Government Office, as well as the study supervisors.
The obtained feedback was used to refine the tool. The questionnaires, which were written in Tagalog ie the national language of the Philippines , were administered by trained research assistants to all pregnant women who met the inclusion criteria and consented to the study. Those who scored greater than or equal to the mean value were considered as highly knowledgeable and those who scored less than the mean value were considered as slightly knowledgeable. The distribution of the knowledge scores was approximately normal; therefore, the average value was used for the analysis.
To test for multicollinearity among independent variables, we ran collinearity diagnostics to calculate the variance inflation factor and tolerance for each variable. Bivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to evaluate the unadjusted associations between dependent variables and each of the independent variables. In this study, pregnant women who did not answer questions about their age, gestation, and whether they took IFAS were excluded from the analysis.
The study was conducted by following per under the declaration of Helsinki. Participation in the study was purely voluntary. The study participants provided verbal and written informed consent before the commencement of the interview.
Participants were told they could withdraw from the study anytime without any consequences. The purpose of the study and the assurance of confidentiality of information were explained to participants. They were also told they could decide not to answer any question they felt uncomfortable with. A total of pregnant women participated in the study. The mean age of the study participants was Regarding their occupational status, Relating to the highest level of education attained by the respondents, a majority The highest proportion of respondents The poverty threshold of the Philippines in was 10, Philippines pesos.
Furthermore, the mean gestational age of pregnant women was Among the respondents, the majority Those found knowledgeable in the assessment of various aspects of IFAS were categorized as follows: knowledge on signs and symptoms of anemia: Figure 1 Knowledge status on benefits of iron and folic acid supplementation among pregnant women. Pregnant women reported various sources of IFAS information.
The main source of information was health care providers Other sources of information included community health workers CHWs Figure 2 Sources of iron and folic acid supplementation information.
This study sought to assess the prevalence of IFAS among pregnant women and its associated factors. Notably, the prevalence rate of IFAS in this study Findings from this study show that such knowledge during pregnancy has a significant effect on the prevalence of IFAS. Knowledge about IFAS is a crucial channel for taking iron and folic acid during pregnancy. This finding is consistent with studies conducted in other areas of the Philippines and other countries. From this study, it was found that less than half of the women did not know that IFAS benefits include strengthening mothers during delivery and facilitates the fetus to grow healthy and strong.
Few studies discussed the detailed content of the educational messages used to describe the benefits of taking IFAS. Moreover, these findings necessitate counseling on specific IFAS aspects concerning pregnant women and are supported by studies conducted in Ethiopia, 51 , 52 Iran, 53 and Pakistan. When aggregated by source, the majority of women in this study reported their source of information was the health care provider.
Our previous publication reported that the BHWs play a potentially important role in supporting women during pregnancy and postpartum through home-visit services in the community 56 Therefore, increasing refresher training on IFAS among CHWs to enhance their IFAS knowledge is important as they are a common source of IFAS information as in addition to health care providers.
There is a need to constantly provide pregnant women and their family members with information, education, and communication materials on IFAS, which they can always refer to and refresh their knowledge. Additionally, it might be necessary to provide a counseling program that improves the knowledge of not only pregnant women but also their husbands and families by utilizing CHWs. This study has some limitations.
Second, the small sample size limited the logistic regression analysis. Third, the study samples were selected from a hospital-based setting, and the level of knowledge could be different from a community-based setting. Fourth, the level of knowledge regarding IFAS among pregnant women was determined using a self-report survey, which is prone to bias and might affect the estimation of the actual level of knowledge of the target population.
Finally, the types of factors considered to be associated with IFAS were limited. Thus, there is a pressing need to improve health education on the benefits of IFAS among pregnant women to increase its prevalence. This underscores the knowledge level needed to support women through enhancing the involvement of health care providers and CHWs. Our gratitude goes to all study participants in the hospital of Muntinlupa for their time and willingness to share their experiences.
TY and HM were involved in the conception and design of the study, protocol development, data collection, data entry, interpretation of the data, and drafting the manuscript.
All authors read and approved the final manuscript. All authors contributed to data analysis, drafting or revising the article, have agreed on the journal to which the article will be submitted, gave final approval of the version to be published, and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.
World Health Organization. Nutritional anaemias: tools for effective prevention and control. Accessed 14 June The 8th National Nutrition Survey. Accessed 3 October Philippines Plan of Action for Nutrition — Severe anaemia is associated with a higher risk for preeclampsia and poor perinatal outcomes in Kassala hospital, eastern Sudan.
BMC Res Notes.
Fitch Affirms Skipton Building Society at 'A-'; Outlook Negative
Metrics details. Intimate partner violence is a serious global public health problem particularly in low-and middle-income countries such as Ethiopia where women's empowerment is limited. Despite the high prevalence of intimate partner violence in Ethiopia, there is limited evidence on the spatial distribution and determinants of intimate partner violence among reproductive-age women. Exploring the spatial distribution of intimate partner violence is crucial to identify hotspot areas of intimate partner violence to design targeted health care interventions. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the spatial distribution and determinants of intimate partner violence among reproductive-age women in Ethiopia. A total weighted sample of reproductive-age women were included in the study. The spatial scan statistical analysis was done to identify the significant hotspot areas of intimate partner violence.
Visit our new interactive Atlas! Kenya has the 18 th highest absolute number of women married or in a union before the age of 18 in the world — , Child marriage rates in Kenya vary across regions and among ethnic groups. Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that girls are somehow inferior to boys. Humanitarian settings can encompass a wide range of situations before, during, and after natural disasters, conflicts, and epidemics. They exacerbate poverty, insecurity, and lack of access to services such as education, factors which all drive child marriage. While gender inequality is a root cause of child marriage in both stable and crisis contexts, often in times of crisis, families see child marriage as a way to cope with greater economic hardship and to protect girls from increased violence.
Demographic and Health Survey 2014
Jump to navigation. As the conflict in Yemen enters its seventh year, the crisis remains the largest in the world and continues to put millions of lives at risk. Read more. The International Organization for Migration IOM is watching with growing alarm as increasing numbers of people are displaced in Yemen, adding to worrisome food security concerns.
Demographic and Health Survey 2014
Lutengano W. Mwanginde, Mtebe Majigo, Debora C. Box , Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Box , Moshi Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.
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У нас все это записано на пленку, и если вы хотите… - Исчезает фильтр Х-одиннадцать! - послышался возглас техника. - Червь преодолел уже половину пути. - Забудьте про пленку, - сказал Бринкерхофф. - Вводите ключ и кончайте со всем. Джабба вздохнул.
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