Building Construction Tools And Equipment Pdf


By Monika W.
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17.12.2020 at 23:27
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building construction tools and equipment pdf

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As a site engineer, you must have a minimum knowledge of the tools used in the construction site. We hope we all face this at least once in our life. The below list is a collective effort.

46+ List of Construction Tools and their Uses

Tools are particularly important in construction work. They are primarily used to put things together e. Tools are often classified as hand tools and power tools. Hand tools include all non-powered tools, such as hammers and pliers. Power tools are divided into classes, depending on the power source: electrical tools powered by electricity , pneumatic tools powered by compressed air , liquid-fuel tools usually powered by gasoline , powder-actuated tools usually powered by an explosive and operated like a gun and hydraulic tools powered by pressure from a liquid.

Each type presents some unique safety problems. Hand tools include a wide range of tools, from axes to wrenches. The primary hazard from hand tools is being struck by the tool or by a piece of the material being worked on.

Eye injuries are very common from the use of hand tools, as a piece of wood or metal can fly off and lodge in the eye. Some of the major problems are using the wrong tool for the job or a tool that has not been properly maintained. The size of the tool is important: some women and men with relatively small hands have difficulty with large tools. Dull tools can make the work much harder, require more force and result in more injuries. A chisel with a mushroomed head might shatter on impact and send fragments flying.

It is also important to have the proper work surface. Cutting material at an awkward angle can result in a loss of balance and an injury. In addition, hand tools can produce sparks that can ignite explosions if the work is being done around flammable liquids or vapours. In such cases, spark-resistant tools, such as those made from brass or aluminium, are needed. Power tools , in general, are more dangerous than hand tools, because the power of the tool is increased.

The power source itself can cause injuries or death, for example, through electrocution with electrical tools or gasoline explosions from liquid-fuel tools. Most power tools have a guard to protect the moving parts while the tool is not in operation.

These guards need to be in working order and not overridden. A portable circular saw, for example, should have an upper guard covering the top half of the blade and a retractable lower guard which covers the teeth while the saw is not operating.

The retractable guard should automatically return to cover the lower half of the blade when the tool is finished working. Power tools often also have safety switches that shut off the tool as soon as a switch is released.

Other tools have catches that must be engaged before the tool can operate. One example is a fastening tool that must be pressed against the surface with a certain amount of pressure before it will fire. One of the main hazards of electrical tools is the risk of electrocution.

A frayed wire or a tool that does not have a ground that directs the electrical circuit to the ground in an emergency can result in electricity running through the body and death by electrocution. This can be prevented by using double-insulated tools insulated wires in an insulated housing , grounded tools and ground-fault circuit interrupters which will detect a leak of electricity from a wire and automatically shut off the tool ; by never using electrical tools in damp or wet locations; and by wearing insulated gloves and safety footwear.

Power cords have to be protected from abuse and damage. Other types of power tools include powered abrasive-wheel tools, like grinding, cutting or buffing wheels, which present the risk of flying fragments coming off the wheel.

The wheel should be tested to make sure it is not cracked and will not fly apart during use. It should spin freely on its spindle.

The user should never stand directly in front of the wheel during start-up, in case it breaks. Eye protection is essential when using these tools. Pneumatic tools include chippers, drills, hammers and sanders. Some pneumatic tools shoot fasteners at high speed and pressure into surfaces and, as a result, present the risk of shooting fasteners into the user or others. If the object being fastened is thin, the fastener may go through it and strike someone at a distance.

These tools can also be noisy and cause hearing loss. Air hoses should be well connected before use to prevent them from disconnecting and whipping around. Air hoses should be protected from abuse and damage as well. Compressed-air guns should never be pointed at anyone or against oneself. Eye, face and hearing protection should be required. Jackhammer users should also wear foot protection in case these heavy tools are dropped.

Gas-powered tools present fuel explosion hazards, particularly during filling. They should be filled only after they have been shut down and allowed to cool off. Proper ventilation must be provided if they are being filled in a closed space. Using these tools in a closed space can also cause problems from carbon monoxide exposure.

Powder-actuated tools are like loaded guns and should be operated only by specially trained personnel. They should never be loaded until immediately before use and should never left loaded and unattended. Firing requires two motions: bringing the tool into position and pulling the trigger. Powder-actuated tools should require at least 5 pounds 2. These tools should not be used in explosive atmospheres.

They should never be pointed at anyone and should be inspected before each use. These tools should have a safety shield at the end of the muzzle to prevent the release of flying fragments during firing. Defective tools should be taken out of service immediately and tagged or locked out to make sure no one else uses them until they are fixed. Powder-actuated fastening tools should not be fired into material where the fastener could pass through and hit somebody, nor should these tools be used near an edge where material might splinter and break off.

Hydraulic power tools should use a fire-resistant fluid and be operated under safe pressures. A jack should have a safety mechanism to prevent it from being jacked up too high and should display its load limit prominently. Jacks have to be set up on a level surface, centred, bear against a level surface and apply force evenly to be used safely.

Users should have proper PPE, such as safety glasses. Tools can present two other hazards that are often overlooked: vibration and sprains and strains.

Power tools present a considerable vibration hazard to workers. Other power tools can present hazardous exposures to vibration for construction workers. As much as possible, workers and contractors should purchase tools where vibration has been dampened or reduced; anti-vibration gloves have not been shown to solve this problem. Poorly designed tools can also contribute to fatigue from awkward postures or grips, which, in turn, can also lead to accidents.

Many tools are not designed for use by left-handed workers or individuals with small hands. Use of gloves can make it harder to grip a tool properly and requires tighter gripping of power tools, which can result in excessive fatigue. Use of tools by construction workers for repetitive jobs can also lead to cumulative trauma disorders, like carpal tunnel syndrome or tendinitis. Using the right tool for the job and choosing tools with the best design features that feel most comfortable in the hand while working can assist in avoiding these problems.

Construction work has undergone major changes. Once dependent upon craftsmanship with simple mechanical aids, the industry now relies largely on machines and equipment. Around the middle of the 20th century, building cranes appeared, as did new materials like light-weight concrete.

As time went on, the industry began using prefabricated construction units along with new techniques in the construction of buildings. Designers began to use computers. Thanks to such equipment as lifting devices, some of the work has become easier physically, but it has also become more complicated. Instead of small, basic materials, such as bricks, tiles, board and light concrete, prefabricated construction units are commonly used today. Equipment has expanded from simple hand tools and transport facilities to complex machinery.

Similarly, methods have changed, for instance, from wheelbarrowing to the pumping of concrete and from manual lifting of materials to the lifting of integrated elements with the assistance of cranes. The New Approach directives are Community laws which set out essential requirements for health and safety that must be met before products may be supplied among member countries or imported to the Community. One example of a directive with a fixed level of demands is the Machine Directive Council of the European Communities Products meeting the requirements of such a directive are marked and can be supplied anywhere in the EC.

Similar systems exist for products covered by the Construction Products Directive Council of the European Communities Besides the directives with such a fixed level of demands, there are directives setting minimum criteria for workplace conditions.

Community member states must meet these criteria or, if they exist, satisfy a more stringent safety level stipulated in their national regulations. One of the types of construction equipment that frequently affects worker safety is scaffolding, the primary means of providing a work surface at elevations.

Scaffolds are used in connection with construction, rebuilding, restoration, maintenance and servicing of buildings and other structures. Scaffold components may be used for other constructions such as support towers which are not considered scaffolds or for the erection of temporary structures such as grandstands i. Support scaffolds may be erected using vertical and horizontal tubing connected by loose couplers.

Prefabricated scaffolds are assembled from parts manufactured in accord with standardized procedures that are permanently attached to fixation devices. There are several types: the traditional frame or modular type for building facades, mobile access towers MATs , craftsmen scaffolds and suspended scaffolds.

The working planes of a scaffold are normally stationary. Some scaffolds, however, have working planes that may be adjusted to different vertical positions; they may be suspended from wires that raise and lower them, or they may stand on the ground and be adjusted by hydraulic lifts or winches.

Earth-moving machinery is designed primarily to loosen, pick up, move, transport and distribute or grade rock or earth and is of great importance in construction, road-building and agricultural and industrial work see figure 1. Properly used, these machines are versatile and can eliminate many of the risks associated with the manual handling of materials. This type of equipment is highly efficient and is used worldwide. Earth-moving machines that are used in construction work and in road-building include tractor-dozers bulldozers , loaders, backhoe loaders figure 2 , hydraulic excavators, dumpers, tractor-scrapers, graders, pipelayers, trenchers, landfill compactors and rope excavators.

The machine is versatile. It can be used for excavating, loading and lifting.

Construction tools and equipment – their influence on accident causality

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This post building construction tools list is written with the intention to make it as a go-to option for all of us. We hope we all face this at least once in our life. The below list is a collective effort. If you know some tools or have images that you think might be helpful for all of us, kindly let us know in the comment section. Please note that the information in Civilology is designed to provide general information on the topics presented. The information provided should not be used as a substitute for professional services.

Tools are particularly important in construction work. They are primarily used to put things together e. Tools are often classified as hand tools and power tools. Hand tools include all non-powered tools, such as hammers and pliers. Power tools are divided into classes, depending on the power source: electrical tools powered by electricity , pneumatic tools powered by compressed air , liquid-fuel tools usually powered by gasoline , powder-actuated tools usually powered by an explosive and operated like a gun and hydraulic tools powered by pressure from a liquid. Each type presents some unique safety problems.

81 Nos of List Use Construction Tools and Pieces of Equipment

Construction tools list for building construction works such as concrete, brick masonry, levelling, woodworks, floor works, slab works, bricklaying, plastering, etc. To mark the spot level. This use of storage of water specific location. To joint the different pieces of steel. Hey, I am Krunal Rajput.

We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Construction pdf files you can use in your safety training programs. Equipping the construction site with the correct tools and equipment plays an essential role in achieving timely and good quality results.

40+ Construction Tools List with Images for Building Construction

Learning the name of each construction tools used in civil engineering also such a thing. He is the author, editor of Civil Planets. I am muhammed civil architectural draughtsman from kerala I have plan to start new rental business thank you for your sharing your knowledge about civil plannet who starting new rental business. Thank you for making this information. It is so useful. I think i can use it in my English class for civil engineering students.

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Workers and their tools go to the stationary work in process, as in shipbuilding; the materials of construction for internal walls that may have to be rearranged.


Construction tools list with pictures

Construction Tools List and their Uses with Pictures

Construction tools list for building construction works such as concrete, brick masonry, leveling, wood works, floor works, slab works, brick laying, plastering etc. Every construction tool is necessary to achieve good results in the whole project. Along with these tools, the workers should also use some safety tools to prevent them from the unexpected accidents. Construction Tools List for Building Construction Some important construction tools and their uses are listed below:. Bolster is like chisel but it is used to cut bricks. Its cutting edge is wider than the width of brick.

Провода от принтера лежали. Должно быть, я оставила беретту на диване, - подумала. Кровь, вытекающая из головы, в голубоватом свечении казалась черной. На полу возле тела Хейла лежал листок бумаги. Сьюзан наклонилась и подняла .

Погрузив ладони в складки жира на плечах шефа, она медленно двигалась вниз, к полотенцу, прикрывавшему нижнюю часть его спины. Ее руки спускались все ниже, забираясь под полотенце. Нуматака почти ничего не замечал. Мысли его были. Он ждал, когда зазвонит прямой телефон, но звонка все не .

 Склонность к ребячеству, фанат сквоша с подавляемой сексуальностью. Беккер пожал плечами: - Не исключено, что ты попала в точку. Так продолжалось несколько недель. За десертом в ночных ресторанах он задавал ей бесконечные вопросы. Где она изучала математику.

 - У нас внизу работают лучшие программисты в мире. И мы нашими совместными усилиями даже близко не подошли к математической функции меняющегося открытого текста. А вы хотите сказать, что какой-то панк с персональным компьютером придумал, как это сделать. Стратмор заговорил тише, явно желая ее успокоить: - Я бы не назвал этого парня панком.

Сирена продолжала завывать. - Но я же ни в чем не виноват.

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