Current Trends In Hard Ware And Software Of The Computer PdfBy Quennel L. In and pdf 28.12.2020 at 03:16 4 min read
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- Concept of Hardware and Software
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Concept of Hardware and Software
The computer age introduced a new element to businesses, universities, and a multitude of other organizations: a set of components called the information system , which deals with collecting and organizing data and information. An information system is described as having five components.
This is the physical technology that works with information. Hardware can be as small as a smartphone that fits in a pocket or as large as a supercomputer that fills a building. Hardware also includes the peripheral devices that work with computers, such as keyboards, external disk drives, and routers. With the rise of the Internet of things, in which anything from home appliances to cars to clothes will be able to receive and transmit data, sensors that interact with computers are permeating the human environment.
The hardware needs to know what to do, and that is the role of software. Software can be divided into two types: system software and application software. Application software is designed for specific tasks, such as handling a spreadsheet, creating a document, or designing a Web page. This component connects the hardware together to form a network. Connections can be through wires, such as Ethernet cables or fibre optics , or wireless, such as through Wi-Fi.
A network can be designed to tie together computers in a specific area, such as an office or a school, through a local area network LAN. If computers are more dispersed, the network is called a wide area network WAN.
The Internet itself can be considered a network of networks. A database is a place where data is collected and from which it can be retrieved by querying it using one or more specific criteria. A data warehouse contains all of the data in whatever form that an organization needs. The final, and possibly most important, component of information systems is the human element: the people that are needed to run the system and the procedures they follow so that the knowledge in the huge databases and data warehouses can be turned into learning that can interpret what has happened in the past and guide future action.
Home List Technology. Erik Gregersen Erik Gregersen is a senior editor at Encyclopaedia Britannica, specializing in the physical sciences and technology. Before joining Britannica in , he worked at the University of Chicago Press on the Load More.
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In this paper, I survey briefly some of the recent and emerging trends in hardware and software features which impact high performance transaction processing and data analytics applications. These features include multicore processor chips, ultra large main memories, flash storage, storage class memories, database appliances, field programmable gate arrays, transactional memory, key-value stores, and cloud computing. While some applications, e. The availability, analytics and response time requirements of these applications were initially given more importance than ACID transaction semantics and resource consumption characteristics. A project at IBM Almaden is studying the implications of phase change memory on transaction processing, in the context of a key-value store.
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Software is a collection of instructions and data that tell the computer how to work. This is in contrast to physical hardware , from which the system is built and actually performs the work. In computer science and software engineering , computer software is all information processed by computer systems , including programs and data. Computer software includes computer programs , libraries and related non-executable data , such as online documentation or digital media. Computer hardware and software require each other and neither can be realistically used on its own.
For the working of the Types of Computer Hardware, it needs both hardware and software components.
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Today's world runs on computers. Nearly every aspect of modern life involves computers in some form or fashion. As technology is advancing, the scale of computer use is increasing. Computer users include both corporate companies and individuals. Computers are efficient and reliable; they ease people's onerous jobs through software and applications specific to their needs offering convenience. Moreover, computers allow users to generate correct information quickly, hold the information so it is available at any time. Computers and technology affect how we live, work and entertain ourselves.
Previously identified and current trends in the development of computer systems and in the use of computers for health care applications are reviewed. Trends identified in a article were increasing miniaturization and archival ability, increasing software costs, increasing software independence, user empowerment through new software technologies, shorter computer-system life cycles, and more rapid development and support of pharmaceutical services. Most of these trends continue today. Current trends in hardware and software include the increasing use of reduced instruction-set computing, migration to the UNIX operating system, the development of large software libraries, microprocessor-based smart terminals that allow remote validation of data, speech synthesis and recognition, application generators, fourth-generation languages, computer-aided software engineering, object-oriented technologies, and artificial intelligence. Current trends specific to pharmacy and hospitals are the withdrawal of vendors of hospital information systems from the pharmacy market, improved linkage of information systems within hospitals, and increased regulation by government. The computer industry and its products continue to undergo dynamic change.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The computer technology that allows us to develop three-dimensional virtual environments VEs consists of both hardware and software.
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