Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Feminism And Critical Theory Pdf

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Key Theories of Gayatri Spivak

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak born 24 February is an Indian scholar , literary theorist , and feminist critic. Considered one of the most influential postcolonial intellectuals, Spivak is best known for her essay "Can the Subaltern Speak? Spivak was awarded the Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy for being "a critical theorist and educator speaking for the humanities against intellectual colonialism in relation to the globalized world.

In , Spivak joined the graduate program in English at Cornell University , travelling on money borrowed on a so-called "life mortgage". In , unable to secure financial aid from the department of English, she transferred to Comparative Literature, a new program at Cornell, under the guidance of its first Director, Paul de Man , with insufficient preparation in French and German. Her dissertation, advised by Paul de Man , was on W. Her MA thesis was on the representation of innocence in Wordsworth with M.

In , she attended Girton College, Cambridge , as a research student under the supervision of Professor T. Henn , writing on the representation of the stages of development of the lyric subject in the poetry of William Butler Yeats. She returned there in to present Yeats' position within post-coloniality.

In the Fall of , Spivak became an assistant professor in the English department of the University of Iowa. She received tenure in She did not publish her doctoral dissertation, but decided to write a critical book on Yeats that would be accessible to her undergraduate students without compromising her intellectual positions. In , on her regular attempts at self-improvement, Spivak purchased a book, by an author unknown to her, entitled De la grammatologie. She decided to translate the book by an unknown author, and wrote a long translator's preface.

This publication was immediately a success, and the Translator's Preface began to be used around the world as an introduction to the philosophy of deconstruction launched by the author, Jacques Derrida ; whom Spivak met in She received many subsequent residential visiting professorships and fellowships.

Here she established the Cultural Studies program. From , she was a member of faculty at Columbia University as Avalon Foundation Professor in the Humanities, where, in , she was made University Professor in the Humanities. Spivak has served on the advisory board of numerous academic journals, including differences , Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society , and Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies.

Her essay, "Can the Subaltern Speak? In all her work, Spivak's main effort has been to try to find ways of accessing the subjectivity of those who are being investigated. She is hailed as a critic who has feminized and globalized the philosophy of deconstruction, considering the position of the subaltern , a word used by Antonio Gramsci as describing ungeneralizable fringe groups of society who lack access to citizenship.

In the early 80s, she was also hailed as a co-founder of postcolonial theory , which she refused to accept fully, as has been demonstrated in her book Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Towards a History of the Vanishing Present , which suggests that so-called postcolonial theory should be considered from the point of view of who uses it in what interest.

This sustained attempt to access the epistemologies damaged by the millennial oppression of the caste system has allowed her to understand the situation of globality as well as the limits of high theory more clearly.

In "Can the Subaltern Speak? Spivak rose to prominence with her translation of Derrida 's De la grammatologie , which included a translator's introduction that has been described as "setting a new standard for self-reflexivity in prefaces. She has often referred to herself as a "practical Marxist-feminist-deconstructionist.

Edward Said wrote of Spivak's work, "She pioneered the study in literary theory of non-Western women and produced one of the earliest and most coherent accounts of that role available to us.

Her A Critique of Postcolonial Reason, published in , explores how major works of European metaphysics e. This concept denotes a purposeful silencing through the "dismissing of a particular context as being irrelevant"; an institutionalized and ideological way of presenting the world.

Spivak coined the term " strategic essentialism ," which refers to a sort of temporary solidarity for the purpose of social action. For example, women's groups have many different agendas that potentially make it difficult for feminists to work together for common causes; "Strategic essentialism" allows for disparate groups to accept temporarily an "essentialist" position that enables them able to act cohesively. However, while others have built upon this idea of "strategic essentialism," Spivak has been unhappy with the ways the concept has been taken up and used.

In interviews, she has disavowed the term, although she has not completely deserted the concept itself. She has been a Guggenheim fellow , has received numerous academic honours including an honorary doctorate from Oberlin College , [25] and has been on the editorial board of academic journals such as Boundary 2.

In a letter to the faculty, he wrote,. Not only does her world-renowned scholarship—grounded in deconstructivist literary theory—range widely from critiques of post-colonial discourse to feminism, Marxism, and globalization; her lifelong search for fresh insights and understanding has transcended the traditional boundaries of discipline while retaining the fire for new knowledge that is the hallmark of a great intellect.

In speeches given and published since , Spivak has addressed the issue of terrorism and suicide bombings. With the aim of bringing an end to suicide bombings, she has explored and "tried to imagine what message [such acts] might contain," [26] ruminating that "suicidal resistance is a message inscribed in the body when no other means will get through. It has not the banality of evil. It is informed by the stupidity of belief taken to extreme.

Spivak has advised many significant postcolonial scholars. Professors Jenny Sharpe and Mark Sanders are among her former students. Spivak has often been criticised for her cryptic prose. She herself, unsurprisingly, reads the book's broken-backed structure in just this way, as an iconoclastic departure from 'accepted scholarly or critical practice'. But the ellipses, the heavy-handed jargon, the cavalier assumption that you know what she means, or that if you don't she doesn't much care, are as much the overcodings of an academic coterie as a smack in the face for conventional scholarship.

Judith Butler responded directly to Eagleton by claiming that, unlike Eagleton's habit of writing introductory texts that 'recirculate received opinion', Spivak 'gives us the political landscape of culture in its obscurity and proximity'. She adds that Spivak's supposedly "complex" language has resonated with and profoundly changed the thinking of "tens of thousands of activists and scholars", and continues to do so.

Spivak and the other signatories called the case a "legal nightmare" for Ronell and charged Reitman with conducting a "malicious campaign" against her. Judith Butler , the chief signatory, subsequently apologized for certain aspects of the letter. Her name appears in the lyrics of the Le Tigre song " Hot Topic.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Indian scholar, literary theorist, and feminist critic. Calcutta , Bengal Presidency , British India. This article contains wording that promotes the subject in a subjective manner without imparting real information.

Please remove or replace such wording and instead of making proclamations about a subject's importance, use facts and attribution to demonstrate that importance.

October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Department of English and Comparative Literature. Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved 22 March Edinburgh University Press. Simons, Jon ed. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Inamori Foundation. Archived from the original on 16 March Retrieved 19 April Kyoto Symposium Organization.

Kyoto Prize USA. Columbia News. Columbia University. Known as the "Nobel of the arts," the Kyoto Prize is an international award presented annually to individuals who have contributed significantly to the scientific, cultural and spiritual betterment of mankind in categories of advanced technology, basic sciences and arts and philosophy. Ministry of Home Affairs India. Retrieved 25 January The Spivak Reader. New York: Routledge.

Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 9 March Duke University Press. Retrieved 21 August Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. Geographies of Postcolonialism. SAGE Publications. The Hindu. Chennai, India.

Retrieved 7 February Cambridge, Mass. Global Intellectual History. Boundary 2. Literary Theory and Criticism Notes. Retrieved on 21 June Jerusalem Post. New Partisan. Retrieved on 22 August New Statesman. New York Times. Retrieved on 19 June London Review of Books. Slate Magazine.

Performing Arts Journal

This module will consider some of the most important debates and trends in feminist literary theory over the last few decades. The module will consider the intersections of academic and popular, intellectual and activist dimensions of feminist literary theory; we also place emphasis on the articulation of feminist literary practice with representations of race, sexuality and class. Questions of reading practices, genre and canon-formation, as well as those of artistic expressions in response to the collaboration and conflict engaged between 'western', 'multicultural' and 'third world' feminisms will be some of the key themes that the module will explore. We will examine the 'use' and 'abuse' of writing by black women in the formation of feminist literary theory - the way in which white feminist critics have recuperated black authored texts and have avoided the interrogation of whiteness. We will also address the question of feminist literary theory's relationship with cultural and social theory - Marxism and psychoanalysis were from the outset of the period we are engaged with crucial interlocutors of feminist thought and feminism's encounter with literature was a particularly rich site of these encounters.

There is no other way to guarantee justice for the gendered subaltern. Feminist concerns in postcolonial theory also challenge academic postcolonial theory for its refusal to acknowledge the unique problems women face in the postcolonial context. Frantz Fanon and Edward Said analyze the colonial context with little awareness of the issues facing women. Bhabha for example, considers feminism to construct impermeable boundaries in its presentation of agency for women Bhabha, , 1 and prefers to present hybridity of identity as the more successful strategy to account for postcolonial agency and postcolonial critique of power. Anticolonial political writing therefore seems to marginalize specifically feminist political writing. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

The conversation also ponders over the different? Listen and share your thoughts! Requests for texts for us to discuss? Dreams for us to interpret? Advice questions for us to answer? Thanks to Leah Dion and to B for the music. This is especially true around 45 minutes, when you begin questioning what a deconstructive project might entail for Spivak.

EN913 Feminist Literary Theory

Introduction: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak 1. Biography 2. Poststructuralism 3. Marxism: Critique andReception 5.

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Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak

If the teacher clandestinely carves out a piece of acdon by using the text as a tool, it is only in celebration of the text's apartness itre-d-l'dcart. Paradoxically, this apartness makes the text susceptible to a history larger than that of the writer, reader, teacher. In that scene of writing, the authority of the author, however seductively down-to-earth, must be content to stand in the wings. The theatre functions here as the exemplary process in which authority and hierarchy are physically inscribed.

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After graduating in English in she spent two more years in Calcutta as a graduate student, before moving to the US to complete her MA and Ph. Her first book was based on her doctoral thesis on W. Thus, even though in this biographical and critical book Spivak takes a quite descriptive approach to Yeats, she is already engaging with the effects of colonization and the imposition of alien values upon indigenous cultures. The preface is also a substantial self-contained essay on Derrida , the essay form being deliberately chosen as one that is both provisional and a potential simulacrum of the book that follows leading Spivak to theorize, after D errida , that the book form itself may be nothing but a simulacrum, rather than a stable originary point of meaning. Spivak adopts and substantially adapts the critical essay form with much of her initial postcolonial research, bringing deconstruction and postcolonial theory into conjunction, her first major set of essays being collected as the book In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak born 24 February is an Indian scholar , literary theorist , and feminist critic. Considered one of the most influential postcolonial intellectuals, Spivak is best known for her essay "Can the Subaltern Speak? Spivak was awarded the Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy for being "a critical theorist and educator speaking for the humanities against intellectual colonialism in relation to the globalized world.

Embodied Ethics in the Postcolony

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Feminism and critical theory

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Бринкерхофф почти физически ощущал, как интенсивно работают клеточки ее мозга. - Помнишь, что случилось в прошлом году, когда Стратмор занимался антисемитской террористической группой в Калифорнии? - напомнила. Бринкерхофф кивнул.

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