Concept And Classification Of Natural Resources Pdf


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concept and classification of natural resources pdf

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Natural resource

Natural resources are resources that exist without any actions of humankind. This includes all valued characteristics such as commercial and industrial use, aesthetic value, scientific interest and cultural value. On Earth , it includes sunlight , atmosphere , water , land includes all minerals along with all vegetation , and animal life. Particular areas such as the rainforest in Fatu-Hiva are often characterized by the biodiversity and geodiversity existent in their ecosystems.

Natural resources may be further classified in different ways. Natural resources are materials and components something that can be used that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources at its fundamental level. A natural resource may exist as a separate entity such as fresh water, air , as well as any living organism such as a fish, or it may exist in an alternate form that must be processed to obtain the resource such as metal ores , rare-earth elements , petroleum , and most forms of energy.

There is much debate worldwide over natural resource allocations. This is particularly true during periods of increasing scarcity and shortages depletion and overconsumption of resources. There are various methods of categorizing natural resources.

These include the source of origin, stage of development, and by their renewability. Considering their stage of development , natural resources may be referred to in the following ways:. Resource extraction involves any activity that withdraws resources from nature. This can range in scale from the traditional use of preindustrial societies to global industry. Extractive industries are, along with agriculture, the basis of the primary sector of the economy. Extraction produces raw material , which is then processed to add value.

Examples of extractive industries are hunting , trapping , mining , oil and gas drilling , and forestry. Natural resources can add substantial amounts to a country's wealth; [7] however, a sudden inflow of money caused by a resource boom can create social problems including inflation harming other industries " Dutch disease " and corruption, leading to inequality and underdevelopment, this is known as the " resource curse ". Extractive industries represent a large growing activity in many less-developed countries but the wealth generated does not always lead to sustainable and inclusive growth.

People often accuse extractive industry businesses as acting only to maximize short-term value, implying that less-developed countries are vulnerable to powerful corporations. Alternatively, host governments are often assumed to be only maximizing immediate revenue.

Researchers argue there are areas of common interest where development goals and business cross. These present opportunities for international governmental agencies to engage with the private sector and host governments through revenue management and expenditure accountability, infrastructure development, employment creation , skills and enterprise development , and impacts on children, especially girls and women.

Norway can serve as a role model in this regard as it has good institutions and open and dynamic public debate with strong civil society actors that provide an effective checks and balances system for the government's management of extractive industries, such as the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative EITI , a global standard for the good governance of oil, gas and mineral resources. It seeks to address the key governance issues in the extractive sectors.

In recent years, the depletion of natural resources has become a major focus of governments and organizations such as the United Nations UN. This is evident in the UN's Agenda 21 Section Two, which outlines the necessary steps for countries to take to sustain their natural resources.

Theodore Roosevelt [14]. Depletion of natural resources is associated with social inequity. Considering most biodiversity are located in developing countries, [15] depletion of this resource could result in losses of ecosystem services for these countries. At present, there is a particular concern for rainforest regions that hold most of the Earth's biodiversity. The depletion of natural resources is caused by 'direct drivers of change' [19] such as Mining , petroleum extraction , fishing , and forestry as well as 'indirect drivers of change' such as demography e.

For example, the depletion of nutrients in the soil due to excessive use of nitrogen [19] and desertification. This is seen in the cited quote given by Theodore Roosevelt , a well-known conservationist and former United States president, who was opposed to unregulated natural resource extraction.

In , the United Nations developed the World Charter for Nature , which recognized the need to protect nature from further depletion due to human activity.

It states that measures must be taken at all societal levels, from international to individual, to protect nature. It outlines the need for sustainable use of natural resources and suggests that the protection of resources should be incorporated into national and international systems of law. Since the development of these documents, many measures have been taken to protect natural resources including establishment of the scientific field and practice of conservation biology and habitat conservation, respectively.

Conservation biology is the scientific study of the nature and status of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species , their habitats , and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction. Wilcox and Michael E. Habitat conservation is a land management practice that seeks to conserve , protect and restore habitat areas for wild plants and animals , especially conservation reliant species , and prevent their extinction , fragmentation or reduction in range.

Natural resource management is a discipline in the management of natural resources such as land, water , soil , plants , and animals —with a particular focus on how management affects quality of life for present and future generations. Hence, sustainable development is followed according to judicial use of resources to supply both the present generation and future generations.

The disciplines of fisheries, forestry, and wildlife are examples of large subdisciplines of natural resource management. Management of natural resources involves identifying who has the right to use the resources, and who does not, for defining the boundaries of the resource.

The right to resources includes land, water, fisheries and pastoral rights. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Resources that exist without actions of humankind. For original sources used in research, see Primary source. See also: Exploitation of natural resources. Unless we solve that problem, it will avail us little to solve all others. See also: Environmental protection. Main article: Natural resource management.

Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved May 23, Archived from the original on July 20, April 27, Archived from the original PDF on 14 October United Nations. Australian Journal of Environmental Education. Archived from the original PDF on September 14, Retrieved May 31, Sinauer Associatess. Sunderland, Massachusetts. What is conservation Biology? Sinauer Associates.

Fundamentals of Conservation Biology. Blackwell Science Inc. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA. Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications, 2nd ed. Springer Verlag. Archived from the original PDF on Peterson, James T. Chicester: Wiley. Archived from the original on CS1 maint: unfit URL link. Natural resources. Arable peak farmland Degradation Landscape cityscape seascape soundscape viewshed Law property Management habitat conservation Minerals mining law sand peak rights Soil conservation fertility health resilience Use planning reserve.

Aquifer storage and recovery Drinking Fresh Groundwater pollution recharge remediation Hydrosphere Ice bergs glacial polar Irrigation huerta Rain harvesting Stormwater Surface water Wastewater reclaimed Watershed. Commons enclosure global land tragedy of Economics ecological land Ecosystem services Exploitation overexploitation Earth Overshoot Day Management adaptive Natural capital accounting Natural heritage Nature reserve Systems ecology Urban ecology Wilderness.

Categories : Natural resources Environmental social science concepts Supply chain management. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons.

Resource: Meaning, Concept and Its Classification | Geography

Learning about the role of natural resources allows for the development of more sustainable methods to manage resources and make sure that they are maintained for future generations. The goal of natural resource economics is to develop an efficient economy that is sustainable in the long-run. Importance of the Environment : This diagram illustrates how society and the economy are subsets of the environment. It is not possible for societal and economic systems to exist independently from the environment. For this reason, natural resource economics focuses on understanding the role of natural resources in the economy in order to develop a sufficient and sustainable economy that protects natural resources. Natural resources are derived from the environment.

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Such approaches, which began explicitly about a decade ago, are just now coming into prominence. It is a community that is sensitive to the potential for misuse of statistical techniques and suspicious of what might appear to be mindless use. Global ecology: the study of how energy and matter interact in the entire web of life on Earth. Costing defines community as "an aggregation of living organisms having mutual relationship among themselves and to the environment. Community Ecology Study Guide Answersbellsouth phones user guide, the lotus and cross jesus talks with buddha ravi zacharias, ellen g white notes sabbath school lesson, yamaha manual, lisola del tesoro di robert l stevenson, orthaheel tempt user guide, nursing research questions and answers, solution mechanic of materials 5th.

After reading this article you will learn about: 1. Meaning of Resource 2. Resource and Wealth 3. Resource, Resistance and Neutral Stuff 5.

Environmental Studies - Natural Resources

All the MCQs are provided with answers. Therefore, students should work on such questions in which they have to choose any one correct option.

Protected Area Categories

It means sources of energy that are alternative to the most commonly used non-sustainable sources - like coal. Nuclear energy has a stable source, which means it's not dependent on the weather and will play a big part in getting Britain to net zero status. All our tariffs are backed by zero-carbon electricity 1 and if you choose to switch to us, you could play your part now in achieving the net zero target. Although it sounds like a perfect renewable energy source, the amount of solar energy we can use varies according to the time of day and the season of the year as well as geographical location. In the UK, solar energy is an increasingly popular way to supplement your energy usage. Wind is a plentiful source of clean energy. Wind farms are an increasingly familiar sight in the UK with wind power making an ever-increasing contribution to the National Grid.

Resources obtained from nature, i. These resources occur naturally, and humans cannot make them. The raw materials used in artificial or man-made resources are natural resources. Classification of natural resources can be done in several ways based on their origin, level of development and uses, stock or deposits, and their distribution.

Logistic regression is the statistical way of modeling the outcomes by estimating the. Each metal retains its own properties like melting point. When Hubble first created this diagram, he believed that this was an evolutionary sequence as well as a classification. Semasiology from Gr. A metal sieve 0.


Table 4 – The [type of activity] by [natural resource] classification matrix used to develop the mainly a number of conceptual aspects including the classification of 5 of SEEA, as well as the OECD/Eurostat manual on eco-industries5.


4 Comments

Ringbenina
05.12.2020 at 17:12 - Reply

Natural resources are resources that exist without any actions of humankind.

Christopher C.
05.12.2020 at 17:51 - Reply

PDF | Recent research has identified natural resource abundance as a factor that may significantly increase the risk of conflict onset. However, at | Find, read.

Blas T.
08.12.2020 at 02:15 - Reply

category “natural resources”, to the classification of assets presented in The paper presents at the outset a brief description of the definition of.

Laurentina L.
11.12.2020 at 20:52 - Reply

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