Agrarian Class Structure And Economic Development In Pre-industrial Europe PdfBy Charlotte C. In and pdf 02.12.2020 at 18:26 3 min read
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- Investment Expenditures and the Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism
- Brenner debate
- Brenner debate
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Investment Expenditures and the Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism
The Brenner debate was a major debate amongst Marxist historians during the late s and early s, regarding the origins of capitalism. It began with a journal article by Robert Brenner. Historians Trevor Aston and C. Philpin characterised the debate as 'one of the most important historical debates of recent years'. These articles were subsequently collected and published as a book, also entitled The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism , in Brenner's article and the discussions that followed it have a broad significance for understanding the origins of capitalism , and were foundational to so-called " Political Marxism ".
In , Michael Postan and John Hatcher characterised the debate as attempting to determine whether Malthusian cyclic explanations of population and development or social class explanations governed demographic and economic change in Europe. Even though Brenner's key ideas have not achieved consensus,  the debate has remained influential in 21st century scholarship,   .
In the view of Shami Ghosh , Brenner's thesis proposed an explanatory framework for the evolution of what he called "agrarian capitalism", in England, during the 15th and 16th centuries. Wage labourers were completely market-dependent — a rural proletariat — and tenant farmers had to compete on the land market in order to retain their access to land.
This last fact was the principal motor of innovation leading to a rise in productivity, which, coupled with the growth of a now-free labour market, was essential for the development of modern industrial capitalism.
Thus the transformations of agrarian class structures lay at the root of the development of capitalism in England. A related and parallel debate also took place in the pages of the New Left Review :.
As of , Brenner's most recent statements of his ideas, making some small modifications to his earlier claims, were:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hilton London: Verso, London: Verso, , esp. Categories : History of agriculture Capitalism. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.
Robert Brenner; AGRARIAN CLASS STRUCTURE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN PRE-INDUSTRIAL EUROPE*, Past & Present, Volume 70, Issue 1, 1 February , Pages 30–75, h. Article PDF first page preview.
Keywords: Economic inequality, economic history, European economic history, pre-industrial age. Pages: Published by: Firenze University Press. Publication year: DOI:
The Brenner debate was a major debate amongst Marxist historians during the late s and early s, regarding the origins of capitalism. It began with a journal article by Robert Brenner. Historians Trevor Aston and C. Philpin characterised the debate as 'one of the most important historical debates of recent years'.
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It's perhaps a fundamental cognitive bias that singular events seem to cry out for single causes. In fact singular events are more likely to be the product of multiple, time-varying factors. These factors aren't likely to be very well-correlated if they were, the event wouldn't be singular or rare. The "foundamental cognitive bias" towards single causes is very simple to explain: by corollary of its logical definition, an event cannot be effect of two causes that are opposite. In turn, only partially opposed causes need to be decomposed to find what they have in common and eliminate the paradoxical contradictionary element of the explanation.
The system of government-run poor relief in England, dating from the sixteenth century, was not replicated in Europe until the mid- to late s. In order to understand why, poor relief must be placed within the socio-economic framework of capitalism, a system of surplus appropriation which originated in the novel class relations of English agriculture. The English way of dealing with poverty was distinctive and this distinctiveness was rooted in the unparalleled expansion of capitalism in that country in the early modern era. Assistance to the poor in England emerged alongside a qualitative social change, wherein an economy rooted in custom was transformed into one based on the competitive social relations of capitalism. The main conclusion of this article is that the welfare state was not a product of industrialization but of the class structure of agrarian capitalism.
Rabb, Professor Eleanor Searle and Professor Lawrence Stone, for the substantial time and effort they gave in commenting on and criticizing this paper. I owe a special debt to Mr. Joel Singer for the great amount of help he gave me, including both information and analysis, in trying to understand German developments.