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- The Information: A History, A Theory, A Flood
- IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
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- The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood Summary & Study Guide
Access options available:. In April , Bell Telephone Laboratories announced the invention of a small electronic semiconductor, which the following month, following the advice of a committee, they called a transistor —a hybrid of the [End Page 99] terms transconductance and varistor. In this manner, in the first two pages of his prologue, James Gleick begins his comprehensive account of our present information age and the many relevant historical events leading up to it.
The Information: A History, A Theory, A Flood
The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood is a book by science history writer James Gleick , published in March , which covers the genesis of the current information age. It was on The New York Times best-seller list for three weeks following its debut. Gleick begins with the tale of colonial European explorers and their fascination with African talking drums and their observed use to send complex widely understood messages back and forth between villages, and over even longer distances by relay.
Gleick transitions from the information implications of such drum signaling to the impact of the arrival of long-distance telegraph and then telephone communication to the commercial and social prospects of the industrial age west. Research to improve these technologies ultimately led to our understanding the essentially digital nature of information , quantized down to the unit of the bit or qubit. Starting with the development of symbolic written language and the eventual perceived need for a dictionary , Gleick examines the history of intellectual insights central to information theory , detailing the key figures responsible such as Claude Shannon , Charles Babbage , Ada Byron , Samuel Morse , Alan Turing , Stephen Hawking , Richard Dawkins and John Archibald Wheeler.
The author also delves into how digital information is now being understood in relation to physics and genetics. Following the circulation of Claude Shannon 's A Mathematical Theory of Communication and Norbert Wiener 's Cybernetics many disciplines attempted to jump on the information theory bandwagon to varying success. Information theory concepts of data compression and error correction became especially important to the computer and electronics industries. Gleick finally discusses Wikipedia as an emerging internet-based Library of Babel , investigating the implications of its expansive user-generated content, including the ongoing struggle between inclusionists, deletionists, and vandals.
Gleick uses the Jimmy Wales -created article for the Cape Town butchery restaurant Mzoli's as a case study of this struggle. The flood of information that humanity is now exposed to presents new challenges, Gleick says. He argues that because we retain more of our information now than at any previous point in human history, it takes much more effort to delete or remove unwanted information than to accumulate it.
This is the ultimate entropy cost of generating additional information and the answer to slay Maxwell's Demon. In addition to winning major awards for science writing and history, The Information received mostly positive reviews. In The New York Times , Janet Maslin said it is "so ambitious, illuminating and sexily theoretical that it will amount to aspirational reading for many of those who have the mettle to tackle it.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 July The Daily Beast. Retrieved 23 May The New York Review of Books. Boing Boing. Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 3 March The Guardian. The Royal Society. Retrieved November 27, New York Times. Retrieved October 24, Categories : non-fiction books Popular science books Works about information Pantheon Books books. Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from June Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata.
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Information now floods our society, Gleick explains, requiring us to filter and search it to find what we want to know. Gleick traces advances in information technology from the two-tone drums used by sub-Saharan Africans to communicate over long distances through the development of the telegraph, telephone and internet. The author traces the development of the alphabet to represent language and form words and the transformation of the alphabet into codes to make it transferable along telegraph lines. Alongside these technological developments, the concept of information as a measurable quantity also developed, beginning with the early attempts of Charles Babbage to construct a mechanical machine that would solve mathematical equations. Gleick describes the theories of the American mathematician Claude Shannon, who was among the first thinkers to propose a way to look at information as something apart from the meaning of a message.
comprehensive review of the concept of information, its history, meaning and role in modern society. In The book is full of interesting references to the history of information theory, but arc2climate.org
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The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood is a book by science history writer James Gleick , published in March , which covers the genesis of the current information age. It was on The New York Times best-seller list for three weeks following its debut. Gleick begins with the tale of colonial European explorers and their fascination with African talking drums and their observed use to send complex widely understood messages back and forth between villages, and over even longer distances by relay. Gleick transitions from the information implications of such drum signaling to the impact of the arrival of long-distance telegraph and then telephone communication to the commercial and social prospects of the industrial age west. Research to improve these technologies ultimately led to our understanding the essentially digital nature of information , quantized down to the unit of the bit or qubit.
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Droughts and floods are two extremes of the hydrological spectrum and have a wide range of societal impacts. Besides these direct costs, impacts can propagate into other sectors due to losses of ecosystem services e.
The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood Summary & Study Guide
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Он совсем забыл: звонок за границу из Испании - все равно что игра в рулетку, все зависит от времени суток и удачи. Придется попробовать через несколько минут. Беккер старался не обращать внимания на легкий запах перца. Меган сказала, что, если тереть глаза, будет только хуже. Он даже представить себе не может, насколько хуже.