These are publications that were funded wholly or partially by a US National Science Foundation Frontiers of Earth Systems Dynamics grant from the Ocean Sciences Division.



Cao, W., Lee, C.-T. A., Lackey, J. S., 2017, Episodic nature of continental arc activity since 750 Ma: a global compilation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 461:85-95.

Duncan, M. S. & Dasgupta, R. (2017). Rise of Earth’s atmospheric oxygen controlled by efficient subduction of organic carbon. Nature Geoscience 10, 387-392. doi:10.1038/NGEO2939

Duncan, M. S., Dasgupta, R., Tsuno, K. (2017). Experimental determination of CO2 content at graphite saturation along a natural basalt-peridotite melt join: Implications for the fate of carbon in terrestrial magma oceans. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 466, 115-128. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.03.008

Eguchi, J. & Dasgupta, R. 2017. CO2 content of andesitic melts at graphite saturated 1 upper mantle conditions with implications for redox state of oceanic basalt source regions and remobilization of reduced carbon from subducted eclogite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172:12;

Farner, M., Lee, C.-T. A, 2017, Effects of crustal thickness on magmatic differentiation in subduction zone volcanism: a global study, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 470:96-107;

Gevedon, M. L., Seman, S. Barnes, J. D., Lackey, J. S., Stockli, D. F., U-Pb laser ablation dating of skarn garnet: application to Jurassic skarns from the Sierra Nevada, California, USA, Earth and Planetary Science Letters (submitted).

Jiang, H., Lee, C.-T. A., 2017, Coupled magmatism-erosion in continental arcs: reconstructing the history of the Cretaceous Peninsular Ranges batholith, southern California through detrital hornblende barometry in forearc sediments, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 472:69-81,

Komar, N. and Zeebe, R., 2017, Redox-controlled carbon and phosphorus burial: a mechanism for enhanced organic carbon sequestration during the PETM, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, in press.

Lee, C.-T. A., Caves, J., Jiang, H., Cao, W., Lenardic, A., McKenzie, N. R., Shorttle, O., Yin, Q.-Z., Dyer, B., 2017, Deep mantle roots and continental emergence: implications for whole-Earth elemental cycling, long-term climate, and the Cambrian explosion, International Geology Review

Mazhari, N., Shafaroudi, A.M., Ghaderi, M., Lackey, J.S., Farmer, G.L., Karimpour, M.H., 2017, Geochronological and geochemical characteristics of fractionated I-type granites associated with the skarn mineralization in the Sangan mining region, NE Iran: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 84, p. 116-133.

Ryan-Davis, J., Lackey, J.S., Gevedon, M. L., Barnes, J.D., Lee, C.-T.A., Kitajima, K., and          Valley, J. Deep penetration of meteoric fluid along an intrusive contact recorded by             exceptionally low d18O in andradite skarn garnets from White Chief Canyon, Sequoia       National Park, CA. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. (in preparation; to be submitted fall 2017)



Agnini, C., D.J.A. Spofforth, G.R. Dickens, D. Rio, H. Pälike, J. Backman, G. Muttoni & E. Dallanave, 2016. Stable isotope and calcareous nanofossil assemblage record of the late Paleocene and early Eocene (Cicogna section). Climate of the Past, 12, 883-909, doi:10.5194/cp-12-883-2016.

Carter, L. B. & Dasgupta, R.. 2016. Effect of melt composition on crustal carbonate assimilation – Implications for the transition from calcite consumption to skarnification and associated CO2 degassing. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 17: 3893–3916; DOI: 10.1002/2016GC006444

Lenardic, A, A.M. Jellinek, B. Foley, C. O’Neill, and W.B. Moore, 2016, Tectonic-Climate Coupling: Variations in the Mean, Variations about the Mean, Variations in Mode, Geophys. Res. Planets, 121:18-31;

Lenardic, A., J.W. Crowley, A.M. Jellinek, and M. Weller, 2016, The solar system of forking paths: Bifurcations in planetary evolution and the search for life bearing planets in our galaxy, Astrobiology, 16(7), DOI: 10.1089/ast.2015.1378.

Lee, C.-T A., Yeung, L. Y., McKenzie, N. R., Yokoyama, Y., Ozaki, K., Lenardic, A., 2016. Two-step rise in atmospheric oxygen linked to the growth of continents, Nature Geoscience 9:417-424. doi:10.1038/NGEO2707.

Luciani, V., G.R. Dickens, J. Backman, E. Fornaciari, L. Giusberti, C. Agnini & R. D’Onofrio, 2016. Major perturbations in the global carbon cycle and photosymbiont-bearing planktic foraminifera during the early Eocene, Climate of the Past, 12, 981-1007, doi:10.5194/cp-12-981-2016.

McKenzie, N. R., Horton, B. K., Loomis, S. E., Stockli, D. F., Planavsky, N., Lee, C.-T. A., 2016, Continental arc volcanism as the principle driver of icehouse–greenhouse variability, Science 352:444-447.

Weller, M., and A. Lenardic, 2016. The energetics and convective vigor of mixed-mode heating: velocity scalings and implications for the tectonics of exoplanets, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43:9469–947.

Weller, M., A. Lenardic, and W.B. Moore, 2016, Scaling Relationships for Mixed Heating Convection in Planetary Interiors: Isoviscous Spherical Shells, J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth, 121: 7598–7617

Yu, X., Lee, C.-T. A., 2016, Critical porosity of melt segregation during crustal melting: constraints from zonation of peritectic garnets in a dacite volcano, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 449: 127-134.


Carter, L. B. & Dasgupta, R., 2015, Hydrous basalt–limestone interaction at crustal conditions: Implications for generation of ultracalcic melts and outflux of CO2 at volcanic arc, 427:202-214.

Dong, L., Shen, B., Lee, C.-T. A., Shu, X., Peng, Y., Sun, Y., Tang, Z., Rong, H., Lang, X., Ma, H., Yang, F., Guo, W., 2015, Germanium/silicon of the Ediacaran-Cambrian Laobao cherts: Implications for bedded chert formation and paleoenvironment interpretations, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems; DOI: 10.1002/2014GC005595.

Duncan, M. S. & Dasgupta, R. (2015). Pressure and temperature dependence of CO2 solubility in hydrous rhyolitic melt – Implications for carbon transfer to mantle source of volcanic arcs via partial melt of subducting crustal lithologies, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 169:54.

Jiang, H., Lee, C.-T. A., Morgan, J. K., Ross, C. H., 2015, Geochemistry and thermodynamics of an earthquake: a case study of pseudotachylites within mylonitic granitoid, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 430:235-248.

Lee, C-T A, Thurner, S., Paterson, S., Cao, W., 2015 The rise and fall of continental arcs: interplays between magmatism, uplift, weathering, and climate, Frontiers article in Earth and Planetary Science Letters; 425:105-199. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.045

Lee, C-T A, and Lackey, J. S., 2015, Arc magmatism, crustal carbonates, and long-term climate variability, Elements 11:125-130; doi: 10.2113/gselements.11.2.125

Lee, C-T A, Morton, D. M., 2015, High silica granites: terminal porosity and crystal settling, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 409:23-31.

Lee, C-T A, Morton, D. M., Farner, M. J., Moitra, P., 2015, Field and model constraints on silicic melt segregation by compaction/hindered settling: The role of water and its effect on latent heat release, American Mineralogist;

Moore, W.B., and A. Lenardic, The efficiency of plate tectonics and non-equilibrium dynamic evolution of planetary mantles, Geophys. Res. Lett.,42, doi:10.1002/2015GL065621, 2015.

Shu, X-J., Lee, C.-T. A., 2015, Sulfur and major element determination by laser ablation high resolution magnetic sector ICP-MS applied to glasses, aphyric lavas, and micro-laminated sediments, Chinese Journal of Geochemistry, DOI 10.1007/s11631-015-0051-9.

Slotnick, BS, Dickens, GR, Hollis, CJ, Crampton, JS, Percy Strong C, Phillips, A. 2015. The onset of the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum at Branch Stream, Clarence River valley, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, DOI: 10.1080/00288306.2015.1063514

Slotnick, B. S., Lauretano, V., Backman, J., Dickens, G. R., Sluijs, A., Lourens, L., 2015, Early Paleogene variations in the calcite compensation depth: new constraints using old boreholes across Ninetyeast Ridge in the Indian Ocean, Climate of the Past 11: 473-493, doi:10.5194/cp-11-473-2015.

Tsuno, K. & Dasgupta, R. (2015). Fe-Ni-Cu-C-S phase relations at high pressures and temperatures – The role of sulfur in carbon storage and diamond stability at mid- to deep- upper mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 412, 132-142. doi:


Dickens G.R., Lee C.A., CIA Operatives, 2014, Continental-island arc fluctuations through time and the Eocene transition from a greenhouse to an icehouse world. Rendicoti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 31: 62-63 (doi: 10.3301/ROL.2014.46).

Duncan, M. S. & Dasgupta, R. 2014. CO2 solubility and speciation in rhyolitic, sediment partial melts at 1.5-3.0 GPa – Implications for carbon flux in subduction zones. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 124, 328-347. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.09.026

Karlstrom, L., Lee, C-T A, Manga, M, 2014, The role of magmatic crustal thickening on arc front migration, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 15: doi:10.1002/2014GC005355.

Klemetti, E.W., Starnes, J.S., Lackey, J.S., 2014, Magmatic lulls in the Sierra Nevada captured in zircon from rhyolite of the Mineral King pendant, California: Geosphere v. 10, 66–79.

*Farner, M. J., Lee, C.-T. A., Putirka, K. D., 2014, Mafic-felsic magma mixing limited by reactive processes: a case study of biotite-rich rinds on mafic enclaves, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 393:49-59;

Lee, C.-T. A., Bachmann, O., 2014, How important is the role of crystal fractionation in making intermediate magmas? Insights from Zr and P systematics, Earth Planet Sci. Letters, 393:266-274;


Cooper, C. M., Moresi, L.-N. & Lenardic, A. 2013. Effects of continental configuration on mantle heat loss. Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 1-5, doi:10.1002/grl.50547.

Holland, J., Smith, D., Surpless, B., Loewy, S.L., and Lackey, J.S., 2013. Intrusive History and Petrogenesis of the Ash Mountain Complex, Sierra Nevada, California (USA): Geosphere, v. 9, p. 691–717.

Lee, C.-T. A., Shen, B., Slotnick, B., Liao, K., Dickens, G., Yokoyama, Y., Lenardic, A., Dasgupta, R., Jellinek, M., Lackey, J. S., Schneider, T., Tice, M., 2013, Continental arc-island arc fluctuations, growth of crustal carbonates and long-term climate change, Geosphere 9 (doi:10.1130/GES00822.1).

Lee, C.-T. A., Lee, T.-C. & Wu, C.-T., 2013, Modeling the compositional evolution of recharging, evacuating, and fractionating (REFC) magma chambers: implications for differentiation of arc magmas. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, doi:

O’Neill, C., Lenardic, A. & Condie, K. C. 2013. Earth’s punctuated tectonic evolution: cause and effect. Geol. Soc. London Spec. Pub. 389, doi 10.1144/SP389.4.


Carter, L., Dasgupta, R., 2014, Basalt-limestone interaction at crustal conditions and implications for volcanic emission of CO2, V.M. Goldschmidt Abstracts, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 78, p. 349.

Carter, L.B. & Dasgupta, R. (2014). Basalt-Limestone and Andesite-Limestone Interaction in the Arc Crust – Implications for Volcanic Degassing of CO2. Abstract V31G-04 presented at 2014 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 15-19 Dec.

Duncan, M. S. & Dasgupta, R. (2014). Experimental constraints on CO2 solubility in rhyolitic slab melts – Implications for carbon flux in subduction zones. Abstract V13A-4745 presented at 2014 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 15-19 Dec.

Duncan, M. S.* & Dasgupta, R. (2013). CO2 solubility in rhyolitic melts as a function of P, T, and fO2 – Implications for carbon flux in subduction zones. Abstract V13C-2627 presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 9-13 Dec.

Farner, M., Lee, C-T, 2014, Assessing the role of mafic-felsic magma mixing in the generation of granitic plutons, V.M. Goldschmidt Abstracts, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 78, p. 664.

Fulton, A.A., Lackey, J.S., Sendek, C., Barnes, J.D., 2013, Oxygen isotopes of California skarn garnets: monitors of fluid infiltration and decarbonation in Mesozoic arcs: GSA Abstracts With Programs, v. 45, n. 7, p. 561.

Gevedon, M.L., Seman, S., Ryan-Davis, J., Barnes, J.D., Lackey, J.S., Stockli, D.F., Kitajima, Kouki, Valley, J.W., 2015, Variation of skarn metasomatic fluid sources within the Sierra Nevada Arc: GSA Abstracts With Programs, v. 47, n. 4, p. 47.

Gevedon, M., Ryan-Davis, J., Lackey, J.S., Barnes, J., Kitajima, K., Valley, J.W., 2014, Oxygen Isotope Zoning in Skarn Garnets: Evidence for Spatial and Temporal Fluid Source Variability in the Sierra Nevada and Mojave: AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, v. 95, p. V33B-4851.

Kruse, K., Tice, M.M., 2013, Paleoenvironmental controls on early cementation of organic-rich shales in the Eagle Ford Group. AGU Fall Meet. Abstr. 11, 2206.

Lee, C-T A., Lackey, J.S., Barnes, J., *Jiang, H., Dasgupta, R., Dickens, G., 2014, Continental arc island arc fluctuations, skarn formation and long-term climate: V.M. Goldschmidt Abstracts, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 78, p. 1381.

Lenardic, A., T. Hoink, A.M. Jellinek, and 6 others, Life with and life without plate tectonics (invited talk), AGU 2014.

Lenardic, A., J. Hero, and P. McGovern, Thermal evolution of terrestrial planets: earth, mars, size, temperature, tectonics, and deep volatile cycling (poster), AGU 2014.

Muth, M., Duncan, M. S. & Dasgupta, R. (2014). Effect of variable Na/K ratio on CO2 solubility in slab-derived rhyolitic melts – An experimental study. Abstract DI13A-4266 presented at 2014 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 15-19 Dec.

*Ryan-Davis, J.R., *Head, D.A., *Fulton, A.A., Lackey, J.S., Barnes, J.D., Lee, C-T. A., 2014: Skarn garnet records of fluid control of decarbonation and ore type in the California arc: V.M. Goldschmidt Abstracts, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 78, p. 2147.

Tice, M., Zeng, Z. et al., 2014, Burial of authigenic carbonate in reducing sediments of the Cenomanian/Turonian western Interior seaway, AGU Fall meeting.

Tsuno, K.*& Dasgupta, R. (2014). Carbon storage in the mid- to deep- upper mantle constrained by phase relations in the Fe-Ni-Cu-C-S system. Abstract V11D-03 presented at 2014 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 15-19 Dec.

Zeng, Z., Tice, M., 2014, Sensitivity of carbonate precipitates to iron reducing physiology: V.M. Goldschmidt Abstracts, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 78, p. 2826.

Zeng, Z., Tice, M., Xu, G., Hatcherian, J., Sulak, C., Rucker, B., Gao, Z., Maulana, I., Figueroa, C. Nimmo, L., Gutkowski, B., Dougherty, B., Mattson, A., Gillespie, D., Wood, E. Wehner, M., Conte, R., 2014, Nutrient seeding by volcanic ash in the Cenomanian/Turonian western Interior Seaway, AGU Fall Meeting.

Nicholas Browne, Pomona College (B.A. Thesis in Chemistry, 2015), “Titanite zoning as an indicator of fluid transport in calc-silicate rocks”, 69 pp.

Rachel Havranek, Pomona College (B.A. Thesis, 2014), “Fluid Dynamics and Contact Metamorphism Using Scheelite in California,” 50 pp.

Dulcie Head, Pomona College (B.A. Thesis, 2014), “Investigating Oscillatory Chemical Variation and Birefringence of Garnet in Fluid Rich Environments,” 80 pp.

Hudson, A., TAMU, (MS 2014). Stratigraphy and depositional controls on source rock formation within the upper Cretaceous (lower Cenomanian) Maness Shale, Central Texas, 85 pp.

Kruse, K., TAMU (MS 2014), Paleo-environmental controls on diagensis of organic-rich shales in the Eagle Ford Group, 39 pp.

Muth, M. (B.Sc. Thesis, 2015). Effect of variable Na/K ratio on CO2 solubility in slab-derived hydrous rhyolitic melts – An experimental study. Rice University.

Zeng, Z., TAMU (PhD, 2014), MIcrobial physiology and biosignature production: microbial, morphological, and geochemical examples, 90 pp.